Testosterone is an important hormone in both men and women, although it plays a much more significant role in male health and development. Testosterone plays a vital role in men’s physical health, sexual function, and overall well-being. High testosterone levels in men can lead to a variety of symptoms and health concerns. If you think you may have high testosterone, it’s important to know the signs and causes so you can get treatment for any underlying issues.
What Is Testosterone?
Before we take a closer look at the signs of high testosterone, it’s important to understand what testosterone is and how it works in the body. Testosterone is a hormone produced by the body that helps with male sexual development. It’s mostly found in men but is also found in smaller amounts in women.
Testosterone helps regulate a man’s reproductive organs, muscle mass and strength, fat distribution, and facial and body hair. It’s responsible for increasing energy levels, motivation, and sense of wellbeing. It also helps keep the prostate healthy and is important to the male reproductive system.
What Causes High Testosterone?
High testosterone levels can have various causes. Some of the most common causes include the following:
•Hypergonadism – This is a condition where the body produces too much testosterone, which can be caused by a variety of factors including hormone imbalances, genetic disorders, or tumors in the pituitary gland or testicles.
•Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) – TRT is a therapy used to treat men who have abnormally low levels of testosterone. It can cause the body to produce more testosterone than normal, leading to higher than normal levels.
•Aromatase deficiency – This is a genetic disorder that causes the body to have an inadequate amount of the enzyme aromatase, which is necessary for converting testosterone to estrogens (the female sex hormone). This leads to high production of testosterone.
•Substance abuse – Some drugs such as anabolic steroids and other performance-enhancing drugs have been shown to increase testosterone levels in the body.
Signs of High Testosterone in Men
High levels of testosterone in men can lead to a variety of physical, mental, and emotional symptoms. Some of the most common signs of high testosterone in men include:
•A deeper voice or increased size of the larynx and vocal chords
•Increased body and facial hair •A muscular physique •Inability to gain weight •Acne •Increased sweat production •Headaches •Mood swings •Increased libido •Trouble sleeping •Fatigue •Restlessness •Aggression •Depression •Infertility
These are just some of the signs of high testosterone in men. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor to get a diagnosis and treatment.
Treatment for High Testosterone
If you’re diagnosed with high testosterone, your doctor may recommend one of a few different treatments. Depending on the underlying cause, treatment can involve lifestyle modifications, hormone therapy, medications, and surgery.
For hypergonadism, the most common treatment is hormone therapy. This involves taking medications that reduce the amount of testosterone your body produces.
For men taking testosterone replacement therapy, your doctor may suggest alternate medications that don’t cause the body to produce too much testosterone.
If you’re diagnosed with aromatase deficiency, your doctor may suggest lifestyle modifications such as eating a healthier diet and exercising more. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the affected areas.
High testosterone levels can have a variety of symptoms and causes. If you’re experiencing any of the signs of high testosterone, it’s important to speak to your doctor to get a diagnosis and start treatment. There are lifestyle modifications and therapies available that can help keep your testosterone levels in the normal range. Remember, it’s always best to speak to your healthcare provider if you think you may be experiencing high testosterone levels for prompt diagnosis and treatment.